The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Alcohol drinking is reduced by a mu 1- but not by a delta-opioid receptor antagonist in alcohol-preferring rats.

To assess the roles of opioid receptor subtypes in voluntary alcohol drinking, alcohol-preferring AA (Alko, Alcohol) rats, non-deprived of food or water, were used in a paradigm where access to 10% alcohol solution was limited to 1-4-h sessions on every 2nd working day. The delta-opioid receptor antagonist naltrindole (1-5 mg/kg i.p. 15 min before the session) had no effect on alcohol drinking, while it attenuated the delta-opioid receptor agonist [D-Pen2, D-Pen5]enkephalin-induced locomotor stimulation. The mu1-opioid receptor antagonist naloxonazine (1-15 mg/kg i.p. 20 h before the session), at the largest dose, decreased alcohol drinking. It also decreased food intake. When naltrindole (1 mg/kg) and naloxonazine (15 mg/kg) were given prior to 3 consecutive sessions, the former had no effects at any session. Naloxonazine decreased alcohol consumption only in the 1st session, although the reduction of daily water intake became stronger during repeated administration. 4 days after the last drug administration, naloxonazine-treated animals consumed alcohol nearly twice as much as in the control session before any drug treatment. These data suggest that delta-opioid receptors are not involved in the regulation of alcohol drinking in AA rats. mu1-Opioid receptors may be involved in alcohol drinking, although the data suggest that even their prolonged blockade alone is insufficient to induce a sustained decrease in alcohol drinking.[1]


  1. Alcohol drinking is reduced by a mu 1- but not by a delta-opioid receptor antagonist in alcohol-preferring rats. Honkanen, A., Vilamo, L., Wegelius, K., Sarviharju, M., Hyytiä, P., Korpi, E.R. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1996) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities