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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pharmacokinetics of trovafloxacin (CP-99,219), a new quinolone, in rats, dogs, and monkeys.

The pharmacokinetics of trovafloxacin [CP-99,219; 7-(3-azabicyclo[3.1.0]hexyl)-naphthyridone] were studied in rats, dogs, and monkeys following oral and intravenous administration. After intravenous dosing, the systemic clearances of trovafloxacin in rats, dogs, and monkeys were 12.5, 11.1, and 7.2 ml/min/kg of body weight, respectively, and the respective volumes of distribution were 0.9, 1.7, and 4.3 liters/kg, with corresponding elimination half-lives of 0.7, 1.8, and 7.0 h. After the administration of oral doses of 50, 20, and 20 mg/kg to rats, dogs, and monkeys serum trovafloxacin concentrations reached a maximum at 0.6, 2.3, and 2.3 h, respectively, with respective maximum concentrations of trovafloxacin in serum of 11.5, 3.5, and 5.2 micrograms/ml; the corresponding elimination half-lives were 2.2, 2.5, and 7.5 h. The oral bioavailability of trovafloxacin was 68, 58, and 85% in rats, dogs, and monkeys, respectively. The binding of trovafloxacin to serum proteins was concentration independent, averaging 92, 75, and 66% for rats, dogs, and monkeys, respectively. Trovafloxacin penetrated well into tissues in dogs. The urinary recoveries of unchanged drug were less than 5% in dogs and monkeys, with or without incubation with alkali or Glusulase (beta-glucuronidase and sulfatase). In rats, 99.8% of the orally administered radioactivity was recovered in feces, while 20.6, 3.4, and 67.1% of the radioactive dose in bile duct-cannulated rats were recovered in feces, urine, and bile, respectively. These results suggest that the elimination of trovafloxacin from rats, and possibly from dogs and monkeys, is primarily through biliary excretion.[1]


  1. Pharmacokinetics of trovafloxacin (CP-99,219), a new quinolone, in rats, dogs, and monkeys. Teng, R., Girard, D., Gootz, T.D., Foulds, G., Liston, T.E. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (1996) [Pubmed]
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