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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Novel form of p21(WAF1/CIP1/SDI1) protein in phorbol ester-induced G2/M arrest.

Cell cycle progression requires activation of different cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) which are positively regulated by cyclins and negatively regulated by CDK inhibitors. Growth inhibition of the Calu-1 lung carcinoma cells induced with the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), a potent activator of protein kinase C, is associated with G2/M arrest and induction of expression of a novel, faster-migrating form of p21(WAF1/CIP1/SDI1) (p21) protein, an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases. This faster-migrating p21 protein was also expressed in TPA-treated A549 lung carcinoma cells which also exhibited G2/M arrest but not in TPA-treated U937 leukemia cells, which only expressed a slower-migrating form of p21 protein. However, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and Southern analysis demonstrated no evidence of novel splice in TPA-treated Calu-1 cells. On the other hand, immunoblotting analysis demonstrated that the faster-migrating p21 protein could be detected only by peptide antibody directed against the N terminus but not the C terminus, suggestive of truncation of the latter or protein modification that results in the loss of the C-terminal epitope. Correlation of G2/M arrest with expression of the faster-migrating p21 protein suggests that this novel form of p21 protein may be a mediator of G2/M arrest and growth inhibition.[1]


  1. Novel form of p21(WAF1/CIP1/SDI1) protein in phorbol ester-induced G2/M arrest. Tchou, W.W., Rom, W.N., Tchou-Wong, K.M. J. Biol. Chem. (1996) [Pubmed]
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