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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

19F NMR measurements of the rotational mobility of proteins in vivo.

Three glycolytic enzymes, hexokinase, phosphoglycerate kinase, and pyruvate kinase, were fluorine labeled in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae by biosynthetic incorporation of 5-fluorotryptophan. 19F NMR longitudinal relaxation time measurements on the labeled enzymes were used to assess their rotational mobility in the intact cell. Comparison with the results obtained from relaxation time measurements of the purified enzymes in vitro and from theoretical calculations showed that two of the labeled enzymes, phosphoglycerate kinase and hexokinase, were tumbling in a cytoplasm that had a viscosity approximately twice that of water. There were no detectable signals from pyruvate kinase in vivo, although it could be detected in diluted cell extracts, indicating that there was some degree of motional restriction of the enzyme in the intact cell.[1]


  1. 19F NMR measurements of the rotational mobility of proteins in vivo. Williams, S.P., Haggie, P.M., Brindle, K.M. Biophys. J. (1997) [Pubmed]
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