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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ran-binding protein 1 (RanBP1) forms a ternary complex with Ran and karyopherin beta and reduces Ran GTPase-activating protein (RanGAP) inhibition by karyopherin beta.

The nuclear accumulation of proteins containing nuclear localization signals requires the Ran GTPase and a complex of proteins assembled at the nuclear pore. RanBP1 is a cytosolic Ran-binding protein that inhibits RCC1-stimulated release of GTP from Ran. RanBP1 also promotes the binding of Ran to karyopherin beta (also called importin beta and p97) and is a co-stimulator of RanGAP activity. Yeast karyopherin beta inhibits the GTP hydrolysis by Ran catalyzed by RanGAP. To further define the roles of RanBP1 and karyopherin beta in Ran function, we explored the effects of RanBP1 and karyopherin beta on mammalian proteins known to regulate Ran. Like RanBP1, karyopherin beta prevented the release of GTP from Ran stimulated by RCC1 or EDTA. As with the yeast protein, mammalian karyopherin beta completely blocked RanGAP activity. However, the addition of RanBP1 to this assay partially rescued the inhibited RanGAP activity. Kinetic analysis of the effects on RanGAP activity by karyopherin beta and RanBP1 revealed a combination of competitive and noncompetitive interactions. Solution binding assays confirmed the ability of RanBP1 to associate with Ran and karyopherin beta in a ternary complex, and RanBP1 binding was not competed out by the addition of karyopherin beta. These results demonstrate that RanBP1 and karyopherin beta interact with distinct sites of Ran and suggest that RanBP1 plays an essential role in nuclear transport by permitting RanGAP-mediated hydrolysis of GTP on Ran complexed to karyopherin beta.[1]


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