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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Preferential condensation of SAR-DNA by histone H1 and its SPKK containing octapeptide repeat motif.

Linker histone H1 binds preferentially the scaffold associated region (SAR) DNA elements that contain characteristic oligo dA x dT tracts. In the present study, we have compared the condensation brought about by histone H1 of a SAR DNA fragment in the histone spacer region of Drosophila melanogaster with that of a random DNA (pBR322 EcoRI-SalI) fragment by circular dichroism spectroscopy. The condensation of the SAR DNA fragment by histone H1 is 3-4-fold higher than that of the random DNA fragment. A 16-mer peptide, ATPKKSTKKTPKKAKK, the sequence that is present in the C-terminus of histone Hld, which has recently been shown to possess DNA and chromatin condensing properties, also condenses the SAR DNA fragment preferentially in a highly cooperative manner. We have proposed a model for the dynamics of chromatin structure involving histone H1-SAR DNA interaction through SPKK containing peptide motifs and its competition by AT-hook peptides present in the nonhistone chromosomal proteins like HMG-I and HMG-Y.[1]


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