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Binding of a novel host factor to the pT181 plasmid replication enhancer.

Replication enhancers are cis-acting genetic elements that stimulate the activity of origins of DNA replication. The enhancer found in plasmid pT181 of Staphylococcus aureus, called cmp, functions at a distance of 1 kb from the origin of DNA replication to stimulate the interaction between the replication initiation protein and the origin. DNA encoding cmp-binding activity was isolated by screening an expression library of S. aureus DNA in Escherichia coli, and a novel gene, designated cbf1, was identified. The cbf1 locus codes for a polypeptide of 313 amino acid residues (cmp-binding factor 1 [CBF1]; Mr = 35,778). In its COOH-terminal region, the protein sequence contains the helix-turn-helix motif common to many DNA binding proteins that usually bend DNA. The specificity of CBF1 binding for cmp was demonstrated by affinity chromatography using cmp DNA and by competition binding studies. DNase I footprinting analysis of the CBF1-cmp complexes revealed DNase I-hypersensitive sites in phase with the helical periodicity of DNA, implying that CBF1 increases distortion of the intrinsically bent cmp DNA.[1]

References

  1. Binding of a novel host factor to the pT181 plasmid replication enhancer. Zhang, Q., Soares de Oliveira, S., Colangeli, R., Gennaro, M.L. J. Bacteriol. (1997) [Pubmed]
 
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