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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Endothelial cell mitogenesis induced by LPA: inhibition by thrombospondin-1 and thrombospondin-2.

We examined the effects of thrombospondin-1 ( TSP1) and thrombospondin-2 ( TSP2) on the uptake of tritiated thymidine by bovine aortic endothelial (BAE) cells in response to two growth factors, basic fibroblast growth factor ( bFGF) and lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). bFGF and LPA stimulate cell proliferation through distinct receptors that have convergent signaling pathways. The doses of LPA that trigger proliferation of BAE cells, which have not been reported previously, were 1 to 30 micromol/L, as opposed to the 5 to 100 micromol/L concentrations required to stimulate proliferation of human foreskin fibroblasts. Baseline mitogenic activity and activity stimulated by either bFGF or LPA on BAE cells was inhibited by human TSP1 purified from platelets or a recombinant source with a similar dose response. These results demonstrate that the anti-proliferative effect of platelet TSP1 is not caused by contaminants from the stimulated platelet. Recombinant mouse TSP2 inhibited BAE cell proliferation in response to LPA in a dose range similar to that of TSP1. Inasmuch as TSP2 does not activate latent TGFbeta1 (Schultz-Cherry et al., J Biol Chem 1995;270: 7304), these results show that inhibition of angiogenesis by TSPs is not related to control of activation of TGFbeta. Together, these studies suggest that structural motifs common to TSP1 and TSP2 inhibit endothelial cell proliferation. Furthermore, TSPs inhibit cell proliferation stimulated by two growth factor receptors that act through distinct signaling pathways.[1]


  1. Endothelial cell mitogenesis induced by LPA: inhibition by thrombospondin-1 and thrombospondin-2. Panetti, T.S., Chen, H., Misenheimer, T.M., Getzler, S.B., Mosher, D.F. J. Lab. Clin. Med. (1997) [Pubmed]
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