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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

HLA-DRB4 genotyping by PCR-RFLP: diversity in the associations between HLA-DRB4 and DRB1 alleles.

The serologically defined HLA-DR53 antigen is associated with HLA-DR4, -DR7, and -DR9 antigens, and these haplotypes contain two functional genes, DRB1 and DRB4, and two pseudogenes, DRB7 and DRB8. The DRB4 gene encodes the DR53 antigen, and has been officially recognized to contain three allelic variants (DRB4*0101, 0102, and 0103). In this study, we have established the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method for DRB4 genotyping and analyzed genetic polymorphism of the DRB4 gene in Japanese population. DRB4*0101, DRB4*0102, and DRB4*0103 could be observed at the frequencies of 0.5%, 1.1% and 32.7%, respectively. The same DRB1 allele does not necessarily share an identical DRB4 allele. Further, a tight linkage disequilibrium was found between DRB4*0102 and DRB1*0401 in Japanese population, whereas DRB1*0401 was associated with DRB4*0101 or *0103 in Caucasian population. These findings reveal extensive diversity of the HLA-DRB1 and -DRB4 haplotypes and may have important implications for HLA-disease associations and donor selection in unrelated transplantation.[1]


  1. HLA-DRB4 genotyping by PCR-RFLP: diversity in the associations between HLA-DRB4 and DRB1 alleles. Naruse, T.K., Ando, R., Nose, Y., Kagiya, M., Ando, H., Kawata, H., Nabeya, N., Isshiki, G., Inoko, H. Tissue Antigens (1997) [Pubmed]
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