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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of membrane dipeptidase as a major glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol-anchored protein of the pancreatic zymogen granule membrane, and evidence for its release by phospholipase A.

Membrane dipeptidase (EC enzyme activity that is inhibited by cilastatin has been detected in pancreatic zymogen granule membranes of human, porcine and rat origin. Immunoelectrophoretic blot analysis of human and porcine pancreatic zymogen granule membranes with polyclonal antisera raised against the corresponding kidney membrane dipeptidase revealed that the enzyme is a disulphide- linked homodimer of subunit mass 61 kDa in the human and 45 kDa in the pig. Although membrane dipeptidase was, along with glycoprotein-2, one of the only two major components of carbonate high pH-washed membranes, no enzyme activity or immunoreactivity was detected in the zymogen granule contents. Digestion with bacterial phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C ( PI-PLC), and subsequent recognition by antibodies specific for the cross-reacting determinant, revealed that membrane dipeptidase in human and porcine pancreatic zymogen granule membranes is glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol-anchored. Membrane dipeptidase was released from the pancreatic zymogen granule membranes by an endogenous hydrolase, and the released form migrated as a disulphide-linked dimer on SDS/PAGE under non-reducing conditions. Under reducing conditions it migrated with the same apparent molecular mass as the membrane-bound form, and was still a substrate for bacterial PI-PLC. Treatment of kidney microvillar membranes with phospholipase A2 resulted in the release of membrane dipeptidase in a form that demonstrated electrophoretic and cilastatin-Sepharose binding properties identical to those of the endogenously released form of the enzyme from zymogen granule membranes. These results indicate that the glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol anchor on the pancreatic membrane dipeptidase is cleaved by an endogenous hydrolase, probably a phospholipase A, and that this cleavage may promote the release of the protein from the membrane.[1]


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