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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of phospholipase D activation by muscarinic receptors in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells.

The cholinergic regulation of phospholipase D activity was studied in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells with phosphatidylethanol formation as a specific marker for the enzyme activity. The muscarinic antagonists, hexahydrosiladifenidol and pirenzepine, inhibited carbachol-induced phosphatidylethanol formation in a concentration-dependent manner and the inhibitory constants indicated that muscarinic M1 receptors are responsible for the major part of the phospholipase D activation. The mechanism of receptor-mediated phospholipase D activation varies between different cell types and receptors. In SH-SY5Y cells, the carbachol-induced phospholipase D activity was inhibited by protein kinase C inhibitors. Since both phospholipases D and C are activated by muscarinic stimulation in SH-SY5Y cells, most of the phospholipase D activation is probably secondary to the protein kinase C activation that follows phospholipase C-mediated increase in diacylglycerols. Other kinases may be involved in the regulation since also a tyrosine kinase inhibitor decreased the phosphatidylethanol formation. Stimulation of G-protein(s) and increase in the intracellular Ca2+ concentration activated phospholipase D and may be additional mechanisms for the muscarinic regulation of phospholipase D in SH-SY5Y cells. Propranolol, an inhibitor of phosphatidic acid phosphohydrolase, increased the carbachol-induced formation of phosphatidic acid at the expense of 1,2-diacylglycerol. This indicates that phospholipase D contributes to the formation of 1,2-diacylglycerol after carbachol stimulation in SH-SY5Y cells.[1]


  1. Characterization of phospholipase D activation by muscarinic receptors in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. Boyano-Adánez, M.C., Lundqvist, C., Larsson, C., Gustavsson, L. Neuropharmacology (1997) [Pubmed]
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