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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Apolipoprotein B is intracellularly associated with an ER-60 protease homologue in HepG2 cells.

Two ALLN (N-acetyl-leucyl-leucyl-norleucinal)-sensitive endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-localized proteases (ER-60 and ER-72) were recently purified from rat liver. We used an antibody to rat ER-60 to investigate the possible role of this protease in apolipoprotein B (apoB) degradation. First, immunoprecipitation and immunoblotting experiments with the anti-rat ER-60 antibody suggested that HepG2 cells contain a homologue of ER-60 with an approximate molecular mass of 58-60 kDa. The ER-60 homologue was mostly associated with the luminal contents of HepG2 microsomes. Evidence from co-immunoprecipitation and cross-linking experiments appear to suggest that the ER-60 homologue in HepG2 cells is associated with apoB intracellularly. A small pool of apoB was recovered when HepG2 lysates were subjected to immunoprecipitation with anti-rat ER-60 antibody followed by a second immunoprecipitation with anti-apoB antibody. Furthermore, cross-linking of permeabilized cells with dithiobis(succinimidylpropionate) further demonstrated association of apoB with the ER-60 homologue in HepG2 cells. Three polypeptides with molecular masses of 78, 66, and 50 kDa were consistently found to be associated with apoB as well as the 58-kDa ER-60 homologue. The 78-kDa protein associated with both apoB and ER-60 appeared to represent immunoglobulin heavy chain-binding protein (BiP) based on immunoprecipitation with a monoclonal antibody. Cross-linking and immunoblotting experiments suggested the association of the 78-kDa BiP with both the 58-kDa ER-60 homologue as well as the 550-kDa apoB. In summary, the data suggests that HepG2 cells contain a 58-kDa protein which is homologous to the rat liver ER-60 in size, antigenecity, and intracellular localization. The ER-60 homologue in HepG2 cells appears to be closely associated with apoB, as well as other proteins possibly representing ER chaperones such as BiP. We hypothesize that the ER-60 homologue may be involved in the degradation of apoB in the ER lumen of HepG2 cells.[1]


  1. Apolipoprotein B is intracellularly associated with an ER-60 protease homologue in HepG2 cells. Adeli, K., Macri, J., Mohammadi, A., Kito, M., Urade, R., Cavallo, D. J. Biol. Chem. (1997) [Pubmed]
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