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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular diagnosis of PMP22-associated neuropathies using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) on archival peripheral nerve tissue preparations.

Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) syndrome type 1 and tomaculous neuropathy, also called hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP), represent two groups of neurological disorders with different subtypes, which can be distinguished at the molecular level. It is known that a 1.5-mb region on chromosome 17p11.2-12, which includes the gene for the peripheral myelin protein 22 kDa (PMP22), is duplicated in more than 95% of patients with CMT type 1A (CMT1A; gene dosage 3) and is deleted in about 90% of subjects suffering from HNPP (gene dosage 1). This duplication/deletion can be detected reliably by interphase-two-color fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). We report here a technique for extraction of nuclei from paraffin-embedded and cryofixed sural nerve biopsies for precise molecular diagnosis, employing interphase-two-color FISH in clinically diagnosed CMT1 or HNPP patients. Following this technique we were able to identify six CMT1A duplications in 13 clinically diagnosed CMT1 cases and five HNPP deletions in 6 clinically diagnosed HNPP cases; 8 control persons were included in this study. This is the first report on the use of FISH in the detection of 17p11.2-12 duplication and deletion in archival biopsy material.[1]


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