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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of configuration on the myocardial uptake of radioiodinated 3(R)-BMIPP and 3(S)-BMIPP in rats.

Radioiodinated 3(R)-(+)- and 3(S)-(-)-15-(p-iodophenyl)-3-(R,S)-methylpentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) were prepared and evaluated in rats to investigate the effects of absolute configuration of the 3(beta)-methyl group on myocardial uptake and release kinetics. METHODS: The 3(R)-(+)-BMIPP analog was synthesized by initial acylation of a thiophene template with the acid chloride of ethyl 3(R)-methylglutarate. 3(S)-(-)-BMIPP was obtained by separation from the mixture of diastereomeric amides prepared from reaction of the acid chloride of racemic BMIPP with the S-(-)-alpha-methylbenzylamine. The amide of synthetic 3(R)-BMIPP prepared from S-(-)-alpha-methylbenzylamine was identical to the chromatographically more polar isomer. Free acids were obtained by acid hydrolysis of the amides, fully characterized and then converted to the radioiodinated BMIPP isomers. RESULTS: Biodistribution studies in rats with the dual-labeled [(131)I]-3(S)-BMIPP/[(125)I]-3(R)-BMIPP mixture demonstrated greater myocardial uptake of 3(R)-BMIPP compared with the 3(S)-BMIPP isomer [60 min: 3(R)-BMIPP = 4.37 %ID/g; 3(S)-BMIPP = 3.44; p < 0.05; 180 min, 2.31 and 1.78 %ID/G, respectively, p < 0.01], although both isomers had similar myocardial washout curves (5-180 min). Percent ID/g values for other tissues which were examined (blood, lungs, thyroid) were similar. CONCLUSION: Higher myocardial uptake of the 3(R)-BMIPP isomer observed in these animal studies may suggest differences in carrier-mediated myocyte uptake of the two isomers. These studies suggest that [(123)I]-3(R)-BMIPP is a candidate for clinical evaluation and may show greater myocardial uptake than the 3(S)-BMIPP isomer and may thus require reduced injected dose.[1]


  1. Effects of configuration on the myocardial uptake of radioiodinated 3(R)-BMIPP and 3(S)-BMIPP in rats. Lin, Q., Luo, H., Mokler, F., Beets, A.L., Ambrose, K.R., McPherson, D.W., Kropp, J., Knapp, F.F. J. Nucl. Med. (1997) [Pubmed]
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