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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of the human homolog of the yeast transcription factor SPT5 in HIV-1 Tat-activation.

The transactivator protein Tat stimulates transcriptional elongation from the HIV-1 LTR. One mechanism by which Tat increases HIV-1 transcription is by interacting with RNA polymerase II and TFIIH to increase phosphorylation of the polymerase C-terminal domain. Recent studies indicate that specific elongation factors may also be required to modulate Tat function. Here, we used biochemical analysis and in vitro transcription assays to identify cellular factors required for Tat activation. This analysis resulted in the purification of a cellular factor Tat-CT1 which is a human homolog of the yeast transcription factor SPT5. Immunodepletion of Tat-CTl from HeLa extract demonstrated that this factor was involved in transcriptional activation by Tat. However, the absence of this factor from HeLa extract did not prevent transcriptional activation by VP16. These findings are consistent with a model in which Tat- mediated effects on transcriptional elongation are mediated in part by the action of the human homolog of the yeast transcription factor SPT5.[1]


  1. Role of the human homolog of the yeast transcription factor SPT5 in HIV-1 Tat-activation. Wu-Baer, F., Lane, W.S., Gaynor, R.B. J. Mol. Biol. (1998) [Pubmed]
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