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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Thiolase involved in bile acid formation.

The formation of cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid through cleavage of the side chains of CoA esters of 3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-choles tan-26-oic acid and 3alpha,7alpha-dihydroxy-5beta-cholestan-26-oic acid is believed to occur in peroxisomes. Recently, we found a new peroxisomal enzyme, D-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydratase/D-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase bifunctional protein, and suggested that this bifunctional protein is responsible for the conversion of 3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholest-2 4-en-26-oyl-CoA and 3alpha,7alpha-dihydroxy-5beta-cholest-24-en-26-oyl-CoA to their 24-oxo-forms. In the present study, the products of this bifunctional protein reaction were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and the formation of 24-oxo-27-nor-cholestanes was confirmed. Previously, we found a new thiolase in Caenorhabditis elegans, P-44, and suggested that P-44 and sterol carrier protein x, a peroxisomal protein, constitute a second group of 3-oxoacyl-CoA thiolases. The production of cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid from the precursors on incubation with the bifunctional protein and sterol carrier protein x or P-44 was confirmed by gas chromatography.[1]


  1. Thiolase involved in bile acid formation. Bun-ya, M., Maebuchi, M., Kamiryo, T., Kurosawa, T., Sato, M., Tohma, M., Jiang, L.L., Hashimoto, T. J. Biochem. (1998) [Pubmed]
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