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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Converse modulation of IRP1 and IRP2 by immunological stimuli in murine RAW 264.7 macrophages.

Iron regulatory proteins (IRP1 and IRP2) are two cytoplasmic RNA-binding proteins that control iron metabolism in mammalian cells. Both IRPs bind to specific sequences called iron-responsive elements (IREs) located in the 3' or 5' untranslated regions of several mRNAs, in particular mRNA encoding ferritin and transferrin receptor. In this study, we followed in parallel the in vivo regulation of the two IRPs in physiologically stimulated macrophages. We show that stimulation of mouse RAW 264.7 macrophage-like cells increased IRP1 IRE binding activity 4-fold, whereas IRP2 activity decreased 2-fold 8 h after interferon-gamma/lipopolysaccharide treatment. Decrease in IRP2 was not due to nitric oxide (NO) production and did not require de novo protein synthesis. Our data therefore indicate that the two IRPs can be conversely regulated in response to the same stimulus. In addition, the effect of endogenously produced NO on IRP1 was further characterized in an activated macrophage/target cell system. We show that NO acts as an intercellular signal to increase IRP1 activity in adjacent cells. As the effect was detectable within 1 h and did not require de novo protein synthesis, this result supports a direct action of NO on IRP1.[1]


  1. Converse modulation of IRP1 and IRP2 by immunological stimuli in murine RAW 264.7 macrophages. Bouton, C., Oliveira, L., Drapier, J.C. J. Biol. Chem. (1998) [Pubmed]
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