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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transferrin receptor-dependent and -independent iron transport in gallium-resistant human lymphoid leukemic cells.

Recent studies showed that gallium and iron uptake are decreased in gallium-resistant (R) CCRF-CEM cells; however, the mechanisms involved were not fully elucidated. In the present study, we compared the cellular uptake of 59Fe-transferrin (Tf) and 59Fe-pyridoxal isonicotinoyl hydrazone (PIH) to determine whether the decrease in iron uptake by R cells is caused by changes in Tf receptor (TfR)-dependent or TfR-independent iron uptake. We found that both 59Fe-Tf and 59Fe-PIH uptake were decreased in R cells. The uptake of 59Fe-Tf but not 59Fe-PIH could be blocked by an anti-TfR monoclonal antibody. After 59Fe-Tf uptake, R cells released greater amounts of 59Fe than gallium-sensitive (S) cells. However, after 59Fe-PIH uptake 59Fe release from S and R cells was similar. 125I-Tf exocytosis was greater in R cells. At confluency, S and R cells expressed equivalent amounts of TfR; however, at 24 and 48 hours in culture, TfR expression was lower in R cells. Our study suggests that the decrease in Tf-Fe uptake by R cells is caused by a combination of enhanced iron efflux from cells and decreased TfR-mediated iron transport into cells. Furthermore, because TfR-dependent and -independent iron uptake is decreased in R cells, both uptake systems may be controlled at some level by similar regulatory signal(s).[1]


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