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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Loss of dopamine-D2 receptor binding sites in Parkinsonian plus syndromes.

This study analyzed temporal changes of striatal dopamine-D2 receptor binding during the course of different extrapyramidal movement disorders using 123I-iodobenzamide (IBZM) SPECT. METHODS: Eighteen patients (9 with Parkinson's disease, 9 with parkinsonian plus syndrome) were followed for 11-53 mo. Dopamine-D2 receptor binding was assessed using 123I-IBZM SPECT at the beginning and at the end of the follow-up period. SPECT data were acquired 120 min postinjection of 3-5 mCi 123I-IBZM. A semiautomated algorithm was applied to the raw data for semiquantitative evaluation of regional cerebral receptor binding. RESULTS: Intraobserver (r = 0.992) and interobserver (r = 0.930) variance was low for the semiautomated interpretation of the SPECT examination of the dopaminergic D2 receptor binding, reflecting a highly reproducible SPECT algorithm. Mean specific dopamine-D2 receptor binding was lower in patients with parkinsonian plus syndrome compared to patients with Parkinson's disease on the initial (p < 0.001) as well as the follow-up study (p < 0.001). In patients with Parkinson's disease, we observed an unaffected receptor binding compared to a reduced binding of radiotracer in patients with parkinsonian plus syndrome during the course of the disease (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: During the follow-up, patients with Parkinson's disease showed a constant dopamine-D2 receptor binding. In contrast, patients with parkinsonian plus syndrome revealed a decline of the binding of dopamine-D2 receptor. These findings are in agreement with histopathological data that demonstrated a preserved dopamine-D2 receptor status in patients with Parkinson's disease and a decline of the dopamine-D2 receptors in patients with parkinsonian plus syndrome. SPECT examinations using 123I-IBZM are useful for assessing dynamic changes of dopamine-D2 receptors in extrapyramidal movement disorders. Semiquantitative SPECT evaluations may provide valuable information for clinical management and prognosis of the patient with extrapyramidal movement disorders.[1]


  1. Loss of dopamine-D2 receptor binding sites in Parkinsonian plus syndromes. Hierholzer, J., Cordes, M., Venz, S., Schelosky, L., Harisch, C., Richter, W., Keske, U., Hosten, N., Mäurer, J., Poewe, W., Felix, R. J. Nucl. Med. (1998) [Pubmed]
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