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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Excitation-contraction coupling in skeletal muscle: blockade by high extracellular concentrations of calcium buffers.

High concentrations (80 to 90 millimolar) of the calcium buffers EGTA and citrate (less than 10(-7) molar free calcium ion) reversibly block excitation-contraction coupling in intact frog skeletal fibers, but do not block caffeine-induced contractures. Solutions containing the same free calcium concentration but lower concentrations of calcium buffer (1 millimolar) do not block excitation-contraction coupling. These results suggest that excitation-contraction coupling requires the presence of calcium in a "protected" extracellular compartment, probably the transverse tubular network, and that calcium is actively transported into this compartment from the muscle cell cytoplasm.[1]


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