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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Femtomole analysis of 9-oxononanoyl cholesterol by high performance liquid chromatography.

9-Oxononanoyl cholesterol, a cholesterol core-aldehyde formed during lipoprotein oxidation, was recently identified in advanced human atherosclerotic lesions. Here we present a rapid and sensitive HPLC method for 9-oxononanoyl cholesterol analysis. 9-Oxononanoyl cholesterol was converted to the corresponding fluorescent decahydroacridine derivative by reaction with 1,3-cyclohexanedione. The derivatives formed were purified by solid-phase extraction on C-18 columns, separated by reversed phase HPLC with isocratic elution, and detected by their fluorescence. Decahydroacridine derivatives of 9-oxononanoyl cholesterol were stable for at least 160 h. The limit of quantitation of the method presented is at the low (approximately 50) femtomole level, with an absolute limit of detection (signal: noise = 6) of 15 fmol. Intra-assay variation was < or = 5%, while inter-assay variations were between 5 and 15%, depending on the concentration of the analyte. Standard curves were linear over nearly three orders of magnitude (50 fmol-12.5 pmol). 9-Oxononanoyl cholesterol proved to be the major cholesterol core-aldehyde formed during t-BuOOH/FeSO4 oxidation of cholesteryl linoleate and Cu2+-induced LDL oxidation, findings confirmed by atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-mass spectrometry. Analysis of lipid extracts obtained from advanced human atherosclerotic lesions revealed the presence of 9-oxononanoyl cholesterol in all tissue samples analyzed (28+/-14 micromol/ mol cholesterol, n = 9) despite the presence of alpha-tocopherol (4+/-1.2 mmol/ mol cholesterol, n = 9).[1]


  1. Femtomole analysis of 9-oxononanoyl cholesterol by high performance liquid chromatography. Karten, B., Boechzelt, H., Abuja, P.M., Mittelbach, M., Oettl, K., Sattler, W. J. Lipid Res. (1998) [Pubmed]
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