The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cellular uptake of a novel cytotoxic agent, cryptophycin-52, by human THP-1 leukemia cells and H-125 lung tumor cells.

Cryptophycin (CP) is a newly developed anticancer agent isolated from the terrestrial cyanobacteria of the genus Nostoc. CP is a mitotic inhibitor, causing cells to accumulate in mitosis with the disappearance of intracellular microtubules. In this report, we studied the interaction and uptake of a new synthetic CP analog, CP-52, with 2 human tumor cell lines, THP-1 and H-125. In vitro colony-forming assay showed that CP-52 has antiproliferative activity against THP-1 and H-125 cell lines with IC50 of 0.1 ng/ml and 20 microg/ml, respectively; i.e., THP-1 cells are 200,000 times more sensitive to CP-52 than H-125 cells. The uptake of CP-52 by the target cells was carried out using tritiated CP-52 (3H-CP-52). The uptake of 3H-CP-52 by both THP-1 and H-125 cells was rapid, reaching a maximum within 20 min. Dissociation experiments showed that CP-52 interacts with the target cells irreversibly, presumably by binding to specific cellular sites with high affinity. With increasing doses of 3H-CP-52, the uptake was found to be saturable, reaching a steady state as the concentrations of 3H-CP-52 were raised to about 20 microg/ml. Under this condition, the maximal values of CP-52 uptake by THP-1 and H-125 cells was estimated to be 27 and 136 ng/10(5) cells, respectively. The uptake and accumulation of 3H-CP-52 with the target cells was effectively inhibited by prior treatment with unlabeled CP-52 and, to a lesser extent, vinblastine and taxol but not adriamycin, colchicine or mitomycin. In addition, the binding of 3H-CP-52 to purified tubulin was inhibited by vinblastine but not taxol. This finding suggested that CP-52 and taxol interact and bind to distinct regions of tubulin molecules. Further, it suggests that, in addition to tubulin, other intracellular and/or membrane components are involved in mediating the binding of CP-52.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities