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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Acute effects of semicircular canal destruction on the cochlea, with and without preceding Pseudomonas aeruginosa exotoxin A treatment.

Acute electrophysiological and morphological changes in the cochlea following destruction of the semicircular canals (SCCs) were investigated to elucidate differences in cochlear vulnerability to surgical procedure under two conditions: normal healthy condition and a pathological condition induced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa exotoxin A (PaExoA). Frequency-specific auditory brainstem response recording and examination by light microscopy (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were performed in the acute stage, immediately following, and 2, 5, and 10 days after the intervention. All normal healthy rats showed noticeable hearing loss immediately after the operation, predominantly in lower frequency areas, followed by complete recovery within 5 days. LM revealed rupture and slight distension of Reissner's membrane. SEM revealed considerable disarray of the stereocilia, especially on the outer hair cells (OHCs) of the third row in the upper half-turns of the cochlea. By contrast, all rats under pathological conditions showed delayed and incomplete hearing recovery from postoperative hearing loss. LM revealed various kinds of cochlear reaction, such as distension of Reissner's membrane, infiltration of inflammatory cells into the cochlea, and severe inflammatory change. Damage both of inner hair cells in the basal turn and of OHCs in the upper half-turns was more noticeable, compared with that under normal conditions. These findings indicate that SCC destruction under pathological conditions induced by PaExoA is detrimental to postoperative hearing recovery, even if the preoperative hearing level had appeared electrophysiologically normal.[1]


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