The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Induction of apoptosis in cardiac myocytes by an A3 adenosine receptor agonist.

The effects of the selective adenosine (ADO) A3 receptor agonist IB-MECA (N6-(3-iodobenzyl)adenosine-5'-N-methylcarboxamide) on cultured newborn rat cardiomyocytes were examined in comparison with ADO, the ADO A1 receptor-selective agonist R-PIA (N6-R-phenylisopropyladenosine), or the ADO A3 selective antagonist MRS 1191 (3-ethyl-5-benzyl-2-methyl-6-phenyl-4-phenylethynyl-1, 4-(+/-)-dihydropyridine-3,5 dicarboxylate), using digital image analysis of Feulgen-stained nuclei. At high concentration, IB-MECA (>/=10 microM ) and ADO (200 microM) induced apoptosis; however, R-PIA or MRS 1191 did not have any detectable effects on cardiac cells. In addition, DNA breaks in cardiomyocytes undergoing apoptosis following treatment by IB-MECA were identified in situ using the nick end labeling of DNA ("TUNEL"-like) assay. In the presence of >/=10 microM IB-MECA, disorder in the contraction waves appeared, and a decrease in the frequency of beats was observed. Analysis with light microscopy revealed that the number of contracting cells decreased in a concentration-dependent manner. The A3 receptor agonist IB-MECA caused an increase in intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i). The drug produced a rapid rise followed by a sustained increase in [Ca2+]i, which lasted for 40-60 s. Finally, cessation of beating and Ca2+ transients were observed. Full recovery of contractile activity and rhythmical Ca2+ transients were observed 15-20 min after IB-MECA treatment. The induction of apoptosis in the cardiocytes by IB-MECA led to the appearance of features of apoptotic nuclei: the onset of condensation, compacting, and margination of nuclear chromatin. These effects were accompanied by the disintegration of the structural framework of the nucleus and nuclear breakdown. The results suggest that activation of the A3 adenosine receptor may participate in the process of apoptosis in cardiomyocytes.[1]


  1. Induction of apoptosis in cardiac myocytes by an A3 adenosine receptor agonist. Shneyvays, V., Nawrath, H., Jacobson, K.A., Shainberg, A. Exp. Cell Res. (1998) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities