The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Subarachnoid and intravenous PCA versus bolus administration for postoperative pain relief in orthopaedic patients.

BACKGROUND: Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) with intravenous piritramide and subarachnoid bupivacaine was studied during postoperative pain management in comparison with nurse-administered bolus injections. METHODS: Following general anaesthesia (n = 60) patients randomly received either 3.75-7.5 mg i.v. piritramide on demand (group P-Bolus) or via PCA (group P-PCA; initial bolus: 3.75 mg i.v. piritramide, baseline rate: 1 mg/h, demand-dose 1.5 mg, lockout time: 20 min). Following continuous spinal anaesthesia (n = 60; CSA; 28-G spinal catheter) patients randomly received a subarachnoid injection of 1.5 ml bupivacaine 0.25% every 2-4 h (group B-Bolus) or a baseline infusion of 0.5 ml/h bupivacaine 0.125% plus 0.5 ml bupivacaine 0.125% on demand via PCA (group B-PCA; lockout time: 30 min). Pain ratings were assessed hourly by patients using a visual analogue scale (0 = no pain, 100 mm = unbearable pain). Statistics: multivariate analysis of variance. RESULTS: While pain scores did not differ between group P-Bolus and P-PCA, group B-PCA showed the lowest pain ratings (18 +/- 22 mm) differing significantly from group B-Bolus (41 +/- 32 mm; P < 0.001). Group P-PCA required more piritramide than group P-Bolus (46 +/- 15 mg vs. 31 +/- 13 mg, P = 0.001). In contrast group B-PCA required less bupivacaine than group B-Bolus (18 +/- 4 vs. 23 +/- 7 mg, P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: PCA with CSA was more effective than nurse-administered bolus-administration of bupivacaine, while the present study failed to show superiority of i.v. PCA over i.v. bolus-administration of piritramide. PCA using the subarachnoid route is a promising concept for treatment of postoperative pain in orthopaedic patients, while the PCA piritramide regime of this study warrants improvement.[1]


  1. Subarachnoid and intravenous PCA versus bolus administration for postoperative pain relief in orthopaedic patients. Rundshagen, I., Kochs, E., Standl, T., Schnabel, K., Schulte am Esch, J. Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. (1998) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities