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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

RNA polymerase subunit RPB5 plays a role in transcriptional activation.

A mutation in RPB5 (rpb5-9), an essential RNA polymerase subunit assembled into RNA polymerases I, II, and III, revealed a role for this subunit in transcriptional activation. Activation by GAL4-VP16 was impaired upon in vitro transcription with mutant whole-cell extracts. In vivo experiments using inducible reporter plasmids and Northern analysis support the in vitro data and demonstrate that RPB5 influences activation at some, but not all, promoters. Remarkably, this mutation maps to a conserved region of human RPB5 implicated by others to play a role in activation. Chimeric human-yeast RPB5 containing this conserved region now can function in place of its yeast counterpart. The defects noted with rpb5-9 are similar to those seen in truncation mutants of the RPB1-carboxyl terminal domain (CTD). We demonstrate that RPB5 and the RPB1-CTD have overlapping roles in activation because the double mutant is synthetically lethal and has exacerbated activation defects at the GAL1/10 promoter. These studies demonstrate that there are multiple activation targets in RNA polymerase II and that RPB5 and the CTD have similar roles in activation.[1]


  1. RNA polymerase subunit RPB5 plays a role in transcriptional activation. Miyao, T., Woychik, N.A. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1998) [Pubmed]
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