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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cellobiose dehydrogenase from the fungi Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Humicola insolens. A flavohemoprotein from Humicola insolens contains 6-hydroxy-FAD as the dominant active cofactor.

Cellobiose dehydrogenases ( CDH) were purified from cellulose-grown cultures of the fungi Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Humicola insolens. The pH optimum of the cellobiose-cytochrome c oxidoreductase activity of P. chrysosporium CDH was acidic, whereas that of H. insolens CDH was neutral. The absorption spectra of the two CDHs showed them to be typical hemoproteins, but there was a small difference in the visible region. Limited proteolysis between the heme and flavin domains was performed to investigate the cofactors. There was no difference in absorption spectrum between the heme domains of P. chrysosporium and H. insolens CDHs. The midpoint potentials of heme at pH 7.0 were almost identical, and no difference in pH dependence was observed over the range of pH 3-9. The pH dependence of cellobiose oxidation by the flavin domains was similar to that of the native CDHs, indicating that the difference in the pH dependence of the catalytic activity between the two CDHs is because of the flavin domains. The absorption spectrum of the flavin domain from H. insolens CDH has absorbance maxima at 343 and 426 and a broad absorption peak at 660 nm, whereas that of P. chrysosporium CDH showed a normal flavoprotein spectrum. Flavin cofactors were extracted from the flavin domains and analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography. The flavin cofactor from H. insolens was found to be a mixture of 60% 6-hydroxy-FAD and 40% FAD, whereas that from P. chrysosporium CDH was normal FAD. After reconstitution of the deflavo-proteins it was found that flavin domains containing 6-hydroxy-FAD were clearly active but their cellobiose oxidation rates were lower than those of flavin domains containing normal FAD. Reconstitution of flavin cofactor had no effect on the optimum pH. From these results, it is concluded that the pH dependence is not because of the flavin cofactor but is because of the protein molecule.[1]


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