The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of nicotine on periodontal ligament fibroblasts in vitro.

Cigarette smoking is associated with increased incidence of periodontal disease and poor response to therapy. In the present study, we examined the effects of nicotine on several functions of periodontal ligament fibroblasts (PDLF): proliferation, attachment, alkaline phosphatase production and chemotaxis. Nicotine concentrations varying from 5 ng/ml to 250 microg/ml were tested. Proliferation of cells was studied by the incorporation of 3H-thymidine, and a dose-dependent inhibition was observed with concentrations > or =100 ng/ml. Similar results were observed when studying the attachment of the cells on plastic surfaces, using a colorimetric method. The inhibition of attachment was even more evident after 6 h incubation of the cells with nicotine. The activity of alkaline phosphatase, as determined with the substrate p-nitrophenyl phosphate, in both conditioned medium (CM) and cellular extract (CE), was also significantly decreased in a concentration-related fashion. Finally, the chemotaxis of PDLE as examined by a modification of the Boyden's blind-well chamber technique, was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner. The degree of inhibition varied from 15% with the lowest concentration of nicotine (50 ng/ml), to almost 90% with the highest (5 microg/ml). The results show that nicotine can have direct adverse effects on various functions of the periodontal cells.[1]


  1. Effects of nicotine on periodontal ligament fibroblasts in vitro. Giannopoulou, C., Geinoz, A., Cimasoni, G. Journal of clinical periodontology. (1999) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities