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Gene Review

RPS9A  -  ribosomal 40S subunit protein S9A

Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288c

Synonyms: 40S ribosomal protein S9-A, RP21, RPS13A, S13, YP28, ...
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Disease relevance of RPS9A

  • The predicted amino acid sequence reveals that yeast YS11 is a homologue to E. coli S4, one of the ram proteins, three chloroplast S4s and others out of the ribosomal protein sequences currently available [1].
  • The dimensions of the YS11 binding site were refined, guided by chemical protection data and by the atomic structure of the Thermus thermophilus 30 S subunit, which has the S17 recognition site in 16 S rRNA [2].

High impact information on RPS9A

  • The homologous or analogous 16 amino acids in YS11 were replaced with alanine; nine of the substitutions slowed the growth of yeast cells [3].
  • These results indicate that S13 phosphorylation is required for TGN-to-PVC trafficking of A-ALP and imply that phosphorylation of S13 may regulate recognition of A-ALP by vesicular trafficking machinery [4].
  • Deletions of domain 1C or the S12 and S13 beta-strands in domain 2B of the Escherichia coli FtsA, previously postulated to be involved in dimerization, result in partially active proteins that do not allow the normal progression of septation [5].
  • YS11A is one of two functional copies of the YS11 gene, located on chromosome XVI and transcribed in a lower amount than the other copy which is located on chromosome II [1].
  • The effect of the other nucleotides that decrease binding is probably indirect, presumably they affect the conformation of the binding site but do not have contacts to YS11 amino acid residues [2].

Biological context of RPS9A

  • Both copies of the S13 genes contain introns [6].
  • S13 is encoded by two similar genes, but only the sup46 copy of the gene is able to fully complement the recessive phenotypes of SUP46 mutations [6].
  • Unlike the introns of other duplicated ribosomal protein genes which are highly diverged, the duplicated S13 genes have two nearly identical DNA sequences of 25 and 31 bp in length within their introns [6].
  • Mutation of the S13 residue on the cytosolic domain of A-ALP to Ala was found to block trafficking to the prevacuolar compartment (PVC), whereas a S13D mutation generated to mimic phosphorylation accelerated trafficking into the PVC [4].


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