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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Structural and chemical complementarity between antibodies and the crystal surfaces they recognize.

The sequences of the variable regions of three monoclonal antibodies with different specificities to cholesterol monohydrate and 1,4-dinitrobenzene crystals were determined. The structures of their binding sites were then modeled, based on homology to other antibodies of known structure. Two of these antibodies were previously shown to specifically recognize each one well-defined face of one of the crystals, out of a number of crystal faces of closely related structure. The binding site of the antibody which recognizes the stepped (301) face of the cholesterol crystal is predicted to assume the shape of a step with one hydrophobic and one hydrophilic side, complementary to the corresponding crystal surface. Within the step, the hydroxyl groups of five tyrosines are located such that they can interact with the hydroxyl and water molecules on the cholesterol crystal face, while hydrophobic contacts are made between the cholesterol backbone and hydrophobic amino acid sidechains. In contrast, the modeled binding site of the antibody which recognizes the flat (101) face of 1,4-dinitrobenzene crystals is remarkably flat. It is lined by aromatic and polar residues, that can make favorable contacts with the aromatic ring and nitro groups of the dinitrobenzene molecules, respectively.[1]

References

  1. Structural and chemical complementarity between antibodies and the crystal surfaces they recognize. Kessler, N., Perl-Treves, D., Addadi, L., Eisenstein, M. Proteins (1999) [Pubmed]
 
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