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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The role of the pseudo-disaccharide neamine as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of neomycin.

By using wild-type and deoxystreptamine-negative mutants of Streptomyces fradiae grown in media containing [6(-3)H]glucose or [U-14C]glucose, and by subsequent hydrolysis of the labelled neomycin produced, neamines labelled with 3H in both rings I and II, but with 14C in ring I only, were prepared. A mixture of these two forms of neamine was converted by deoxystreptamine-negative Streptomyces rimosus forma paromomycinus into neomycin (not paromomycin) with a 30% yield. The3H: 14C ratio in this neomycin was the same as the measured in neamine produced by hydrolysis of the neomycin, and in unused neamine reisolated from the incubation medium. The 3H:14C ratio in the neomycin was not affected by the presence of unlabelled deoxystreptamine during the incubation. The radioactivity in the neomycin was associated with rings I and II only. It is concluded that the added neamine is incorporated into antibiotic intact, without initial hydrolysis, and that the probable first step in the subunit assembly of neomycin is the formation of neamine.[1]


  1. The role of the pseudo-disaccharide neamine as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of neomycin. Pearce, C.J., Barnett, J.E., Anthony, C., Akhtar, M., Gero, S.D. Biochem. J. (1976) [Pubmed]
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