The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Polyamine analogue induction of the p53-p21WAF1/CIP1-Rb pathway and G1 arrest in human melanoma cells.

Although polyamines are well recognized for their critical involvement in cell growth, the cell cycle specificity of this requirement has not yet been characterized with respect to the newly delineated regulatory pathways. We recently reported that polyamine analogues having close structural and functional similarities to the natural polyamines produce a distinct G1 and G2-M cell cycle arrest in MALME-3M human melanoma cells. To determine a molecular basis for this observation, we examined the effects of N1,N11-diethylnorspermine on cell cycle regulatory proteins associated with G1 arrest. The analogue is known to deplete polyamine pools by suppressing biosynthetic enzymes and potently inducing the polyamine catabolic enzyme spermidine/spermine N1-acetyltransferase. Treatment of MALME-3M cells with 10 microM N1,N11-diethylnorspermine caused an increase in hypophosphorylated Rb, which correlated temporally with the onset of G1 arrest at 16-24 h. Rb hypophosphorylation was preceded by an increase in wild-type p53 (approximately 100-fold at maximum) and a concomitant increase in the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, p21WAF1/CIP1 ( p21; approximately 5-fold at maximum). Another cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, p27KIP1, and cyclin D increased slightly, whereas proliferating cell nuclear antigen and p130 remained unchanged. Induction of p21 protein was accompanied by an increase in p21 mRNA, whereas induction of p53 protein was not, suggesting transcriptional activation of the former and posttranscriptional regulation of the latter. SK-MEL-28 human melanoma cells, which contain a mutated p53, failed to induce p53 or p21 and did not arrest in G1. Rather, these cells rapidly underwent programmed cell death within 48 h. Overall, these findings provide the first indication of the cell cycle regulatory pathways by which polyamine antagonists such as analogues might inhibit growth in cells containing wild-type p53 and further suggest a mechanistic basis for differential cellular responses to these agents.[1]


  1. Polyamine analogue induction of the p53-p21WAF1/CIP1-Rb pathway and G1 arrest in human melanoma cells. Kramer, D.L., Vujcic, S., Diegelman, P., Alderfer, J., Miller, J.T., Black, J.D., Bergeron, R.J., Porter, C.W. Cancer Res. (1999) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities