The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Functional changes in the conformation of thrombospondin-1 during complexation with fibronectin or heparin.

Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) interacts specifically with heparin and fibronectin in vitro and colocalizes with fibronectin and heparan sulfate in the extracellular matrix (ECM). Its conformation is strongly dependent on Ca2+ concentration. We have previously shown that both heparin and fibronectin have two binding sites on the TSP-1 subunit which may require conformational change for their occupancy (R. Dardik and J. Lahav, 1987, Eur. J. Biochem. 168, 347; ibid 1989, 185, 581). To investigate the effect of TSP-1 binding to fibronectin and heparin on its functional conformation, TSP-1 was subjected to proteolysis in the presence and absence of ligands and of Ca2+. We found that while trypsin cleavage of free TSP-1 resulted in the inactivation of ligand binding, TSP-1 bound to either fibronectin or heparin remained stably associated with these ligands. Cleavage by thrombin or tissue plasminogen activator ( tPA) showed that Ca2+-depleted TSP-1, when bound to fibronectin or to heparin, yielded proteolytic cleavage patterns typical of the Ca2+-containing form. Cleavage by chymotrypsin was not affected by binding to fibronectin or heparin; hence loss of proteolytic susceptibility was not due to steric hindrance by the ligands. Taken together, these results indicate that: (A) binding of TSP-1 to fibronectin or heparin is a two-step mechanism where binding to one site leads to conformational changes that enable binding to the second site; (B) TSP-1 in complex with fibronectin or heparin adopts the Ca2+-containing conformation in the absence of Ca2+; and (C) such complexes are highly resistant to cleavage by tPA and, if cleaved by other enzymes, the TSP-1 fragments remain bound to other ECM components. These characteristics have profound significance for platelet adhesion and cell migration into wounds where Ca2+ concentrations are reduced.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities