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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transmembrane topography of the 100-kDa a subunit (Vph1p) of the yeast vacuolar proton-translocating ATPase.

The membrane topography of the yeast vacuolar proton-translocating ATPase a subunit (Vph1p) has been investigated using cysteine-scanning mutagenesis. A Cys-less form of Vph1p lacking the seven endogenous cysteines was constructed and shown to have 80% of wild type activity. Single cysteine residues were introduced at 13 sites within the Cys-less mutant, with 12 mutants showing greater than 70% of wild type activity. To evaluate their disposition with respect to the membrane, vacuoles were treated in the presence or absence of the impermeant sulfhydryl reagent 4-acetamido-4'-maleimidylstilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (AMS) followed by the membrane permeable sulfhydryl reagent 3-(N-maleimidylpropionyl) biocytin (MPB). Three of the 12 active cysteine mutants were not labeled by MPB. The mutants E3C, D89C, T161C, S266C, N447C, K450C, and S703C were labeled by MPB in an AMS-protectable manner, suggesting a cytoplasmic orientation, whereas G602C and S840C showed minimal protection by AMS, suggesting a lumenal orientation. Factor Xa cleavage sites were introduced at His-499, Leu-560, and Pro-606. Cleavage at 560 was observed in the absence of detergent, suggesting a cytoplasmic orientation for this site. Based on these results, we propose a model of the a subunit containing nine transmembrane segments, with the amino terminus facing the cytoplasm and the carboxyl terminus facing the lumen.[1]


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