The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lack of single-dose disulfiram effects on cytochrome P-450 2C9, 2C19, 2D6, and 3A4 activities: evidence for specificity toward P-450 2E1.

Disulfiram and its primary metabolite diethyldithiocarbamate are effective mechanism-based inhibitors of cytochrome P-450 2E1 (CYP2E1)1 in vitro. Single-dose disulfiram diminishes CYP2E1 activity in vivo and has been used to identify CYP2E1 participation in human drug metabolism and prevent CYP2E1-mediated toxification. Specificity of single-dose disulfiram toward CYP2E1 in vivo, however, remains unknown. This investigation determined single-dose disulfiram effects on human CYP 2C9, 2C19, 2D6, and 3A4 activities in vivo. In four randomized crossover experiments, volunteers received isoform-selective probes (oral tolbutamide, mephenytoin, dextromethorphan, or i.v. midazolam) on two occasions, 10 h after oral disulfiram or after no pretreatment (controls). Plasma and/or urine parent and/or metabolite concentrations were measured by HPLC or gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. CYP2C9, 2C19, 2D6, and 3A4 activities were determined from the tolbutamide metabolic ratio, 4'-hydroxymephenytoin excretion, and dextromethorphan/dextrorphan ratios in urine and midazolam systemic clearance, respectively. Midazolam clearance (670 +/- 190 versus 700 +/- 240 ml/min, disulfiram versus controls), dextromethorphan/dextrorphan metabolic ratio (0.013 +/- 0.033 versus 0.015 +/- 0.035), 4'-hydroxymephenytoin excretion (122 +/- 22 versus 128 +/- 25 micromol), and tolbutamide metabolite excretion (577 +/- 157 versus 610 +/- 208 micromol) were not significantly altered by disulfiram pretreatment, although the tolbutamide metabolic ratio was slightly diminished after disulfiram (60 +/- 17 versus 81 +/- 40, p <.05). Results show that single-dose disulfiram does not cause clinically significant inhibition of human CYP2C9, 2C19, 2D6, and 3A4 activities in vivo. When single-dose disulfiram is used as an in vivo probe for P-450, inhibition of drug metabolism suggests selective involvement of CYP2E1. Single-dose disulfiram should not cause untoward drug interactions from inhibition of other P-450 isoforms.[1]


  1. Lack of single-dose disulfiram effects on cytochrome P-450 2C9, 2C19, 2D6, and 3A4 activities: evidence for specificity toward P-450 2E1. Kharasch, E.D., Hankins, D.C., Jubert, C., Thummel, K.E., Taraday, J.K. Drug Metab. Dispos. (1999) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities