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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Toxicokinetics of p-tert-octylphenol in female DA/Han rats after single i.v. and oral application.

Female DA/Han rats were administered p-tert-octylphenol [OP; p-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)-phenol], either intravenously (5 mg/kg body wt.) or orally by gavage (50 or 200 mg/kg body wt.). After i.v. administration the blood concentration-time curve of OP was fitted to a tri-exponential model, resulting in a final half-life (gamma-phase) of 36.1 h. This contrasts to much more rapid eliminations previously reported in male Wistar rats. The oral bioavailability of 50 mg/kg OP was 12.3% and of 200 mg/kg 8.4%. The higher dose (200 mg kg) was absorbed slower than the smaller dose, probably due to low solubility of OP in aqueous media. Maximal OP blood levels in female DA/Han rats receiving 50 and 200 mg OP/kg body wt, were 4.5 and 3 times higher than previously reported in male Wistar rats. The blood concentration-time curves after oral administration of OP to female DA/Han rats revealed pronounced interindividual differences, indicating extensive enterohepatic circulation of OP in this rat strain. In contrast to male Wistar rats, after application of high doses of OP to female DA/Han rats the compound was not completely eliminated within 48 h: under these conditions some bioaccumulation might therefore occur. The experimental toxicokinetics of OP appears as a relevant subject to be integrated into extrapolation of toxicological data, from in vitro to in vivo, and into systems of risk assessment of endocrine modulating activity which are currently being developed.[1]


  1. Toxicokinetics of p-tert-octylphenol in female DA/Han rats after single i.v. and oral application. Upmeier, A., Degen, G.H., Schuhmacher, U.S., Certa, H., Bolt, H.M. Arch. Toxicol. (1999) [Pubmed]
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