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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interaction of non-competitive blockers within the gamma-aminobutyric acid type A chloride channel using chemically reactive probes as chemical sensors for cysteine mutants.

Selected channel-lining cysteine mutants from the M2 segment of rat alpha1 gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) type A receptor subunit, at positions 257, 261, 264, and 272 were co-expressed with beta1 and gamma2 subunits in Xenopus oocytes. They generated functional receptors displaying conductance and response to both GABA and picrotoxinin similar to the wild type alpha1beta1gamma2 receptor. Three chemically reactive affinity probes derived from non-competitive blockers were synthesized to react with the engineered cysteines: 1) dithiane bis-sulfone derivative modified by an isothiocyanate function (probe A); 2) fiprole derivatives modified by an alpha-chloroketone (probe B) and alpha-bromoketone (probe C) moiety. These probes blocked the GABA-induced currents on all receptors. This blockade could be fully reversed by a washing procedure on the wild type, the alpha1T261Cbeta1gamma2 and alpha1L264Cbeta1gamma2 mutant receptors. In contrast, an irreversible effect was observed for all three probes on both alpha1V257Cbeta1gamma2 and alpha1S272Cbeta1gamma2 mutant receptors. This effect was probe concentration-dependent and could be abolished by picrotoxinin and/or t-butyl bicyclophosphorothionate. These data indicate a major interaction of non-competitive blockers at position 257 of the presumed M2 segment of rat alpha1 subunit but also suggest an interaction at the more extracellular position 272.[1]


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