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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transcriptional regulation of corticotropin-releasing hormone-binding protein gene expression in astrocyte cultures.

The molecular mechanisms involved in regulation of CRH-binding protein (CRH-BP) gene expression were examined using primary rat astrocyte cultures. The cells were treated with various regulators, and CRH-BP messenger RNA (mRNA) levels were determined using ribonuclease protection assays. Forskolin (Fsk, 10 microM) or 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol 13-acetate (TPA, 100 nM) increases CRH-BP mRNA levels up to 30 times control level, and together they act synergistically to increase CRH-BP gene expression up to 100 times control levels. CRH can also positively regulate CRH-BP gene expression to 6.1 times control levels. All of these increases in steady-state CRH-BP mRNA levels can be repressed by dexamethasone, a synthetic glucocorticoid. To determine whether these changes in steady-state CRH-BP mRNA levels are caused by altered transcription or RNA stability, heteronuclear (hn) CRH-BP species were examined using ribonuclease protection assays. CRH-BP hnRNA transcripts can be detected transiently after the addition of Fsk or TPA, and dexamethasone can repress Fsk- or TPA-induced CRH-BP hnRNA levels in this assay. These results demonstrate that CRH, glucocorticoids, and the protein kinase A and protein kinase C signaling pathways are involved in regulation of CRH-BP gene expression in astrocyte cultures, and that this regulation is caused, at least in part, by altered transcription of the gene.[1]


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