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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-4 proteolytic degradation in ovine preovulatory follicles: studies of underlying mechanisms.

The regulation of insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-4 proteolytic degradation by insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) has been largely studied in vitro, but not in vivo. The aim of this study was to investigate the involvement of IGFs, IGFBP-2, IGFBP-3, and IGFBP-3 proteolytic fragments in the regulation of IGFBP-4 proteolytic activity in ovine ovarian follicles. Follicular fluid from preovulatory follicles contains proteolytic activity degrading exogenous IGFBP-4. The addition of an excess of IGF-I enhanced IGFBP-4 proteolytic degradation, whereas addition of IGFBP-2 or -3 or monoclonal antibodies against IGF-I and -II dose dependently inhibited IGFBP-4 proteolytic degradation. IGF-I and IGF-II, but not LongR3-IGF-I, reversed this inhibition in a dose-dependent manner. C-terminal, but not N-terminal, proteolytic fragments derived from IGFBP-3 (aa 161-264), as well as heparin-binding domain-containing peptides derived from the C-terminal domain of IGFBP-3 and -5 also induced the inhibition of IGFBP-4 proteolytic degradation. Other heparin-binding domain-containing peptides derived from the connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) and from proteins not related to IGFBP, heparan/heparin interacting protein (HIP) and vitronectin, but not from p36 subunit of annexin II tetramer, inhibited IGFBP-4 degradation. Furthermore, IGFBP-3, mutated on its heparin-binding domain, was not able to inhibit IGFBP-4 proteolytic degradation. So, in ovine preovulatory follicles, IGFBP-4 proteolytic degradation both 1) depends on IGFs, and 2) is inhibited by IGFBP-3 via its C-terminal heparin-binding domain as well as by heparin-binding domain containing peptides. These data suggest that in early atretic follicles, the increase in IGFBP-2 participates in the decrease in IGFBP-4 degradation. In late atretic follicles, the increase in the levels of C-terminal IGFBP-3 proteolytic fragments, generated by IGFBP-3 degradation, as well as the increase in IGFBP-5 expression would strengthen the inhibition of IGFBP-4 degradation. This inhibition might be partly mediated by direct interaction of IGFBP-4 proteinase(s) and heparin- binding domain within the C-terminal region from IGFBP-3 and -5.[1]

References

  1. Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-4 proteolytic degradation in ovine preovulatory follicles: studies of underlying mechanisms. Mazerbourg, S., Zapf, J., Bar, R.S., Brigstock, D.R., Lalou, C., Binoux, M., Monget, P. Endocrinology (1999) [Pubmed]
 
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