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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Standardization of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) mass assays: the use of recombinant CK-MB as a reference material.

BACKGROUND: The AACC assembled a committee to identify and validate a standard creatine kinase MB isoenzyme (CK-MB) material to improve the comparability of CK-MB mass assays. METHODS: Three protocols were used. In protocol I, various CK-MB materials prepared in different matrices were screened as candidate standards. In protocol II, participating manufacturers calibrated their systems with concentrates of human heart CK-MB and then tested 20 patient samples to evaluate calibration bias. In protocol III, participating manufacturers calibrated their immunoassay systems using recombinant CK-MB2 (rCK-MB2) diluted into their respective sample diluents and measured 50 samples. RESULTS: Candidate materials showed high recovery in stripped human serum, but bias improved only from 59% to 38%. These data led to the use of human heart CK-MB diluted in each manufacturer's sample diluent. This strategy reduced bias from 31% to 15%. Because human heart CK-MB is difficult to provide, a lyophilized source of CK-MB2 was identified. rCK-MB2 was shown by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, reversed-phase HPLC, intrinsic protein fluorescence, circular dichroism, agarose gel electrophoresis, immunoreactivity studies, high and low temperature stability, and reconstituted stability to be equivalent to human heart CK-MB. Calibration of immunoassay systems with rCK-MB2 added into each respective manufacturer's sample diluent showed a 13% between-manufacturer bias. CONCLUSION: Lyophilized rCK-MB2 was determined suitable for use as a reference material for CK-MB mass assays.[1]


  1. Standardization of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) mass assays: the use of recombinant CK-MB as a reference material. Christenson, R.H., Vaidya, H., Landt, Y., Bauer, R.S., Green, S.F., Apple, F.A., Jacob, A., Magneson, G.R., Nag, S., Wu, A.H., Azzazy, H.M. Clin. Chem. (1999) [Pubmed]
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