The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The new ketolide HMR3647 accumulates in the azurophil granules of human polymorphonuclear cells.

HMR3647 is a semisynthetic representative of a new group of drugs, the ketolides, derived from erythromycin A. Since macrolides have been shown to accumulate in human polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs), we have investigated the ability of the molecule HMR3647 to enter human PMNs as well as other cell types, such as peripheral blood mononuclear cells and cell lines of hematopoietic and nonhematopoietic origin. In these experiments, HMR3647 was compared to erythromycin A, azithromycin, clarithromycin, and roxithromycin. Our results show that HMR3647 is specifically trapped in PMNs, where it is concentrated up to 300 times. In addition, it is poorly released by these cells, 80% of the compound remaining cell associated after 2 h in fresh medium. By contrast, it is poorly internalized and quickly released by the other cell types studied. This differs from the results obtained with the macrolide molecules, which behaved similarly in the different cells studied. In addition, subcellular fractionation of PMNs allowed us to identify the intracellular compartment where HMR3647 was trapped. In PMNs, more than 75% of the molecule was recovered in the azurophil granule fraction. Similarly, in NB4 cells differentiated into PMN-like cells, almost 60% of the molecules accumulated in the azurophil granule fraction. In addition, when HMR3647 was added to disrupted PMNs, 63% accumulated in the azurophil granules. Therefore, this study shows that the ketolide HMR3647 specifically accumulates in PMN azurophil granules, thus favoring its delivery to bacteria phagocytosed in these cells.[1]


  1. The new ketolide HMR3647 accumulates in the azurophil granules of human polymorphonuclear cells. Miossec-Bartoli, C., Pilatre, L., Peyron, P., N'Diaye, E.N., Collart-Dutilleul, V., Maridonneau-Parini, I., Diu-Hercend, A. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (1999) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities