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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inverse agonist properties of dopaminergic antagonists at the D(1A) dopamine receptor: uncoupling of the D(1A) dopamine receptor from G(s) protein.

The interaction of dopaminergic antagonists with the D(1A) dopamine receptor was assessed in PC2 cells that transiently express this receptor. The maximal binding and dissociation constants for the D(1A) dopamine receptor, using the ligand [(125)I]SCH23982 were 0.38 +/- 0.09 nM and 1 to 4 pmol/mg, respectively, when assessed 48 h after transfection with cDNA encoding the rat D(1A) receptor. Basal adenylyl cyclase activity increased 50 to 60% in membranes of transfected PC2 cells compared with control membranes. The dopaminergic antagonists clozapine, cis-flupenthixol, (+)-butaclamol, haloperidol, chlorpromazine, and fluphenazine inhibited constitutive adenylyl cyclase activity in membranes of cells expressing the D(1A) receptor. SCH23390, a selective D(1) dopamine receptor antagonist, and (-)-butaclamol did not alter basal cyclase activity, whereas dopamine increased enzyme activity in membranes expressing the D(1A) dopamine receptor. The coupling of D(1A) receptors with G(s) proteins was examined by immunoprecipitation of membrane G(salpha) followed by immunoblotting with a D(1A) dopamine receptor monoclonal antibody. Clozapine, cis-flupenthixol, (+)-butaclamol, haloperidol, and fluphenazine but not SCH23390 or (-)-butaclamol decreased D(1A) receptor-G(salpha) coupling by 70 to 80%, and SCH23390 was able to prevent the receptor-G(salpha) uncoupling induced by haloperidol or clozapine. These results indicate that some dopaminergic antagonists suppress basal signal transduction and behave as inverse agonists at the D(1A) dopamine receptor. This action of the dopamine receptor antagonists may contribute to their antidopaminergic properties that seem to underlie their clinical actions as antipsychotic drugs.[1]


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