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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Heterogeneous distribution of the two components of delayed rectifier K+ current: a potential mechanism of the proarrhythmic effects of methanesulfonanilideclass III agents.

OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the regional difference of the K+ current blocking effects of methanesulfonanilide class III agents. METHODS: Regional differences in action potential duration (APD) and E-4031-sensitive component (IKr) as well as -insensitive component (IKs) of the delayed rectifier K+ current (IK) were investigated in enzymatically isolated myocytes from apical and basal regions of the rabbit left ventricle using the whole-cell clamp technique. RESULTS: At 1 Hz stimulation, APD was significantly longer in the apex than in the base (223.1 +/- 10.6 vs. 182.7 +/- 14.5 ms, p < 0.05); application of 1 microM E-4031 caused more significant APD prolongation in the apex than in the base (32.5 +/- 6.4% vs. 21.0 +/- 8.8%, p < 0.05), resulting in an augmentation of regional dispersion of APD. In response to a 3-s depolarization pulse to +40 mV from a holding potential of -50 mV, both IK tail and IKs tail densities were significantly smaller in apical than in basal myocytes (IK: 1.56 +/- 0.13 vs. 2.09 +/- 0.21 pA/pF, p < 0.05; IKs: 0.40 +/- 0.15 vs. 1.43 +/- 0.23, p < 0.01), whereas IKr tail density was significantly greater in the apex than in the base (1.15 +/- 0.13 vs. 0.66 +/- 0.11 pA/pF, p < 0.01). The ratio of IKs/IKr for the tail current in the apex was significantly smaller than that in the base (0.51 +/- 0.21 vs. 3.09 +/- 0.89; p < 0.05). No statistical difference was observed in the voltage dependence as well as activation and deactivation kinetics of IKr and IKs between the apex and base. Isoproterenol (1 microM) increased the time-dependent outward current of IKs by 111 +/- 8% during the 3-s depolarizing step at +40 mV and its tail current by 120 +/- 9% on repolarization to the holding potential of -50 mV, whereas it did not affect IKr. CONCLUSIONS: The regional differences in IK, in particular differences in its two components may underlie the regional disparity in APD, and that methanesulfonanilide class III antiarrhythmic agents such as E-4031 may cause a greater spatial inhomogeneity of ventricular repolarization, leading to re-entrant arrhythmias.[1]


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