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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The intracellular hyaluronan receptor RHAMM/IHABP interacts with microtubules and actin filaments.

We reported recently on the intracellular localisation of the hyaluronan receptor RHAMM/IHABP in human cancer cells. Here we describe the colocalisation of RHAMM/IHABP proteins with microtubules, both in interphase and dividing cells, suggesting that RHAMM/IHABP represents a novel member of the family of microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs). We have identified four different splice variants of RHAMM/IHABP, all of which colocalise, at least transiently, with microtubules when expressed as GFP fusion proteins in HeLa cells. Using microtubule-binding assays and transient transfection experiments of deletion-bearing RHAMM/IHABP mutants, we localised the microtubule-binding region to the extreme N terminus of RHAMM/IHABP. This interaction domain is composed of two distinct subdomains, one of which is sufficient to mediate binding to the mitotic spindle while both domains are required for binding of RHAMM/IHABP proteins to interphase microtubules. Sequence analysis revealed that the projection domain of RHAMM/IHABP is predicted to form coiled-coils, implying that RHAMM/IHABP represents a filamentous protein capable of interacting with other proteins and we found that RHAMM/IHABP interacts with actin filaments in vivo and in vitro. Moreover, in vitro translated RHAMM/IHABP isoforms efficiently bind to immobilised calmodulin in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner via a calmodulin-binding site within the projection domain of RHAMM/IHABP (residues 574-602). Taken together, our results strongly suggest that RHAMM/IHABP is a ubiquitously expressed, filamentous protein capable of interacting with microtubules and microfilaments and not, as numerous previous reports suggest, a cell surface receptor for the extracellular matrix component hyaluronan.[1]


  1. The intracellular hyaluronan receptor RHAMM/IHABP interacts with microtubules and actin filaments. Assmann, V., Jenkinson, D., Marshall, J.F., Hart, I.R. J. Cell. Sci. (1999) [Pubmed]
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