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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Acridone derivatives are selective inhibitors of HIV-1 replication in chronically infected cells.

In our extensive screening of anti-HIV-1 agents in chronically infected cell lines, we have found acridone derivatives to be selective inhibitors of HIV-1 replication. Among the acridone derivatives, 1-hydroxy-10-methyl-9,10-dihydroacrid-9-one (RD6-5071) suppressed tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha-induced HIV-1 expression in the latently infected cell line OM-10.1, U1, and ACH-2. Its 50% effective concentration for HIV-1 p24 antigen production was 2.0 microg/ml in OM-10.1 cells, while its 50% cytotoxic concentration was 18 microg/ml. The compound also inhibited phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-induced HIV-1 expression in these cell lines. Furthermore, RD6-5071 was inhibitory to HIV-1 replication in acutely infected U937 and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The compound was found to suppress TNF-alpha-induced HIV-1 long terminal repeat-driven gene expression. An inhibition assay for protein kinase C (PKC) revealed that RD6-5071 could reduce the enzyme activity. Furthermore, the compound was a moderate inhibitor of PMA-induced nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation, as determined by a gel mobility shift analysis. These results suggest that the acridone derivatives suppress HIV-1 replication at the transcriptional level primarily through a mechanism of PKC inhibition.[1]


  1. Acridone derivatives are selective inhibitors of HIV-1 replication in chronically infected cells. Fujiwara, M., Okamoto, M., Okamoto, M., Watanabe, M., Machida, H., Shigeta, S., Konno, K., Yokota, T., Baba, M. Antiviral Res. (1999) [Pubmed]
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