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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of 2,5-anhydro-D-mannitol on membrane potential in rat hepatocyte couplets and hepatocyte monolayer cultures.

The fructose analogue 2,5-anhydro-D-mannitol (2,5-AM), which depletes liver cells of ATP, has been shown to alter liver cell membrane potential (V(m)) in situ and in superfused liver slices. To study this effect of 2,5-AM on hepatocytes in more detail, patch-clamp experiments in the current-clamp mode were performed using two established models, rat hepatocyte couplets and confluent rat hepatocytes in primary culture. 2,5-AM, which has previously been shown to hyperpolarize hepatocytes in superfused liver slices and in vivo, failed to alter V(m) of hepatocyte couplets. Increasing intracellular Ca(2+) by addition of thapsigargin or ionomycin also did not evoke a change of V(m). This is most likely due to a lack of Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) channels in rat hepatocyte couplets. In contrast, 2,5-AM depolarized the cells in confluent hepatocyte monolayers. This depolarization was mimicked after inhibition of Na(+)/K(+) ATPase by ouabain. Ouabain was also able to block 2, 5-AM's effect on monolayer V(m). Thus, 2,5-AM affects the membrane potential of isolated and cultured hepatocytes in a way not comparable with cells integrated in the liver.[1]


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