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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Furin-independent pathway of membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase activation in rabbit dermal fibroblasts.

We investigated the gene expression and intracellular activity of processing protease furin and its involvement in the process of membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) activation in rabbit dermal fibroblasts. When the rabbit fibroblasts were treated with concanavalin A (ConA), pro-MMP-2 was converted to an active 62-kDa MMP-2 through the appearance of a 64-kDa intermediate MMP-2. The ConA-induced pro-MMP-2 activation resulted from increasing the gene expression and production of MT1-MMP in the rabbit fibroblasts. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction demonstrated that in rabbit dermal fibroblasts furin mRNA was detected and, unlike MT1-MMP, was not increased by ConA. These findings are further supported by the fact that the intracellular furin activity also was constitutively detected and was unchanged by the ConA treatment. Very similar phenomena were also observed in human uterine cervical fibroblasts, which are known to produce MT1-MMP by ConA stimulation. These results suggest that the expression of the furin gene and the intracellular activity are not regulated by ConA. On the other hand, neither a synthetic furin inhibitor, decanoyl-RVKR-CH(2)Cl (25-100 microM) nor a furin antisense oligonucleotide (40 microM) inhibited the MT1-MMP-mediated pro-MMP-2 activation in ConA-treated rabbit dermal fibroblasts, whereas these compounds interfered with pro-MMP-2 activation in ConA-treated human uterine cervical fibroblasts. Nonetheless, the furin antisense oligonucleotide completely suppressed furin gene expression in both rabbit and human fibroblasts. These results suggest that furin does not participate in the process of MT1-MMP activation induced by ConA in rabbit dermal fibroblasts.[1]

References

  1. Furin-independent pathway of membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase activation in rabbit dermal fibroblasts. Sato, T., Kondo, T., Fujisawa, T., Seiki, M., Ito, A. J. Biol. Chem. (1999) [Pubmed]
 
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