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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Altered calbindin mRNA expression and calcium regulating hormones in rat diabetic pregnancy.

Offspring of rats with diabetes mellitus are at risk of reduced calcium and bone mineral content. Altered expression of the maternal calcium binding proteins, calbindin-D(9K) and calbindin-D(28K), which are involved in renal and placental calcium transport, may underlie these problems.We have investigated the effect of diabetes on circulating concentrations of regulatory hormones with respect to calbindin-D mRNA concentrations. Three rat groups were studied; control (CP), streptozotocin-induced diabetic (DP), and insulin-treated diabetic (DPI) pregnant rats. Calbindin-D(9K) and calbindin-D(28K) mRNA abundance in placenta and maternal kidney were measured at days 7, 15, 18 and 21 of gestation, together with serum or plasma concentrations of 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1, 25(OH)(2)D(3)), parathyroid hormone ( PTH), PTH-related protein (PTHrP), calcitonin, oestradiol and IGF-I. An increase in placental calbindin-D(9K) mRNA abundance between days 18 and 21 in CP and DPI rats was severely blunted in the DP rats. In contrast, renal calbindin-D(28K) mRNA abundance was greater at days 7, 15 and 18 in DP compared with CP rats, as was calbindin-D(9K) at day 18. Calcitonin concentrations showed no differences between the groups, and both PTH and IGF-I were reduced over the first half of gestation, unlike the calbindins. In contrast, the concentrations of PTHrP and 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) were reduced at term in the DP group compared with the other two groups. Plasma oestradiol concentrations were lower in DP than in CP rats at days 7, 15 and 18, and most striking was the absence in DP rats of the peak of oestradiol seen at day 18 in CP rats. Despite the similarity between changes in placental calbindin mRNA and 1,25(OH)(2)D(3), previous work has shown placental calbindin-D(9K) regulation to be vitamin-D-independent. These studies produce suggestive evidence, therefore, that PTHrP and oestradiol may be involved in the altered calbindin-D expression by kidney and placenta in rat diabetic pregnancy.[1]


  1. Altered calbindin mRNA expression and calcium regulating hormones in rat diabetic pregnancy. Hamilton, K., Tein, M., Glazier, J., Mawer, E.B., Berry, J.L., Balment, R.J., Boyd, R.D., Garland, H.O., Sibley, C.P. J. Endocrinol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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