The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Cardiac Na(+) channel dysfunction in Brugada syndrome is aggravated by beta(1)-subunit.

BACKGROUND: Mutations in the gene encoding the human cardiac Na(+) channel alpha-subunit ( hH1) are responsible for chromosome 3- linked congenital long-QT syndrome (LQT3) and idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (IVF). An auxiliary beta(1)-subunit, widely expressed in excitable tissues, shifts the voltage dependence of steady-state inactivation toward more negative potentials and restores normal gating kinetics of brain and skeletal muscle Na(+) channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes but has little if any functional effect on the cardiac isoform. Here, we characterize the altered effects of a human beta(1)-subunit (hbeta(1)) on the heterologously expressed hH1 mutation (T1620M) previously associated with IVF. METHODS AND RESULTS: When expressed alone in Xenopus oocytes, T1620M exhibited no persistent currents, in contrast to the LQT3 mutant channels, but the midpoint of steady-state inactivation (V(1/2)) was significantly shifted toward more positive potentials than for wild-type hH1. Coexpression of hbeta(1) did not significantly alter current decay or recovery from inactivation of wild-type hH1; however, it further shifted the V(1/2) and accelerated the recovery from inactivation of T1620M. Oocyte macropatch analysis revealed that the activation kinetics of T1620M were normal. CONCLUSIONS: It is suggested that coexpression of hbeta(1) exposes a more severe functional defect that results in a greater overlap in the relationship between channel inactivation and activation (window current) in T1620M, which is proposed to be a potential pathophysiological mechanism of IVF in vivo. One possible explanation for our finding is an altered alpha-/beta(1)-subunit association in the mutant.[1]

References

  1. Cardiac Na(+) channel dysfunction in Brugada syndrome is aggravated by beta(1)-subunit. Makita, N., Shirai, N., Wang, D.W., Sasaki, K., George, A.L., Kanno, M., Kitabatake, A. Circulation (2000) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities