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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Targeted knockout of Cyp1a1 gene does not alter hepatic constitutive expression of other genes in the mouse [Ah] battery.

Using the Cre-lox system, we have generated a cytochrome P450 1A1 Cyp1a1(-/-) knockout mouse by deletion of the translated portions of the Cyp1a1 gene. These mice are viable and demonstrate no obvious phenotype, compared with wild-type littermates. As a first step toward characterizing genes that might be expected to compensate for loss of CYP1A1, constitutive expression of [Ah] gene battery members was examined. In a cultured hepatoma CYP1A1 metabolism-deficient mutant line that does not express Cyp1a2, we have previously shown that constitutive transcriptional up-regulation of other [Ah] gene battery members occurs; these results are consistent with the elevation of a putative endogenous ligand (EL) for the Ah receptor that is a substrate for CYP1A1. The [Ah] battery includes Cyp1a2, NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (Nqo1), and three other Phase II genes. Examining mRNA, protein, and enzyme activity, we demonstrate that the absence of CYP1A1 has no effect on the hepatic constitutive expression of Cyp1a2 or Nqo1. We postulate that CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 might have overlapping substrate specificity for metabolism of the EL, such that basal CYP1A2 in the liver can compensate for the loss of CYP1A1.[1]


  1. Targeted knockout of Cyp1a1 gene does not alter hepatic constitutive expression of other genes in the mouse [Ah] battery. Dalton, T.P., Dieter, M.Z., Matlib, R.S., Childs, N.L., Shertzer, H.G., Genter, M.B., Nebert, D.W. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2000) [Pubmed]
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